React ES6

React uses ES6’s features such as class, arrow functions, variables(let, var, const), for..in, for..of, and others.

Classes

class User {
  constructor(name) {
    this.name = name;
  }

  present() {
    return 'Hi my name is ' + this.name;
  }
}

class Employee extends User {
  constructor(name, age) {
    super(name);
    this.age = age;
  }  
  show() {
    return this.present() + ', I am ' + this.age + ' years old';
  }
}

Jimmy = new Employee("Jimmy", 25);

A class can have attributes, methods, and state. You can extend a class and add functionality.

Arrow functions

Regular JS

sayHi = function(name) {
  return "Hi! my name is " + name;
}

ES6 arrow function

sayHi = (name) => {
  return "Hi! my name is " + name;
}

Default functions

In ES6, a function allows the parameters to be initialized with default values if no values are passed to it or it is undefined.

function add(a, b = 1) { 
   return a+b; 
} 
console.log(add(4))
5
console.log(add(4,2))
6

Rest Parameters

You can pass in as many parameters to a method but the values passed must all be of the same type.

function fun1(...params) { 
   console.log(params.length); 
}  
fun1();  
0 
fun1(5); 
1 
fun1(5, 6, 7);
3

Variables

There are three ways to defined variables with ES6:
a. var(outside of a function) is used as a global variable.
b. var(inside of a function) only belongs to that function.
c. var(inside of a block, like if-statement or for-loop) is still available outside of the block.

d. let is block or function scope.

e. const is used to create variables that don’t change once initialized.

For in

for…in loop is used to loop through an object’s properties

for (variablename in object) {      
statement or block to execute
}
var user = {name:"John", age:2, id:1};  
for (var attribute in user) { 
   console.log(user[attribute]); 
}
// print out int the order they are organized.
John
2
1

For of

for…of loop is used to iterate iterables like array and map.

let names = ['Folau', 'Lisa', 'Kinga', 'Fusi'];

for (let name of names) {
  console.log(name);
}
Folau
Lisa
Kinga
Fusi



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